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Destination: Uzbekistan
Last updated: 10 Jan 2017

Pahlavan Mahmud Necropolis, Khiva, Uzbekistan



Necropolis of Pahlavan-Mahmud is the cultic center of Ichan-Qala. It was built near the tomb of Khiva's patron Pahlavan-Mahmud (1247-1326). He was a poet and philosopher, wrestler and furrier. He was esteemed as a patron of wrestlers and poets as well as healer throughout Khiva, Iran and India. According to a tradition the poet was buried in his own workshop which became the center of the cemetery built between 14th and 17th centuries. When Shirgazi-khan built his madrasah at the beginning of the 18th century, he oriented it to Pahlavan-Mahmud's tomb.

Pahlavan Mahmud Necropolis
Pahlavan Mahmud Necropolis


The early mausoleum of Pahlavan-Mahmud was built in 1810 by Muhammad-Rahim-khan I (1806-1825). The new mausoleum included the old tomb and khanaka with a high double dome, silhouette of which became one of Khiva's symbols. At the entrance of the necropolis there was built a yard. The gates of the old cemetery became an entrance portal of Pahlavan-Mahmud Necropolis. At the beginning of the 20th century Asfendir-khan (1910 - 1920) ordered to build two-storied korikhona in the western sector of the yard and summer aivan mosque in the eastern part. Necropolis majolica has many cartouches with religious sayings, verses by Pahlavan-Mahmud and names of masters.
Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum
Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum
Ak Mosque
Anush Khah's Bathhouses
Chadra Hauli
Complex of Seyid-Biy and Palvan-Kari Minaret
Djuma Mosque
Hazarasp
Ichan-Qala
Islam Khodja Ensemble
Kunya-Ark of Kurinysh-Khan
Madrasah of Arab-Khan and Muhammad-Amin-Inak
Madrasah of Khurdjum and Allakuli-Khan
Madrasah of Kutlug-Murad-Inak and Abdullah-Khan
Madrasah of Matniyaz Divan-Beghi
Madrasah of Muhammad Rahim Khan
Mausoleum of Seyid Ala Ad-Din
Minaret of Djuma Mosque
Muhammad Amin-Khan Madrasah and Kalta-Minor
Necropolis of Khiva Khans
Old City
Tash Hauli Harem
Tash Hauli Palace