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Destination: Uzbekistan
Last updated: 09 Jan 2017

Kalyan Mosque, Bukhara, Uzbekistan



Today's Kalyan Mosque was built at the beginning of the 16th century in the time of the first Shaybanids. Since that time, except for Soviet period it served as the cathedral mosque of Bukhara. The mosque replaced the old Qarakhanid cathedral mosque of the 12th century which was built simultaneously with Kalyan Minaret. This Shaybanid mosque is comparable with Temurid cathedral mosques in Samarkand and Herat. It is behind Bibi-Khanym Mosque in Samarkand by number of structures, but its area which is 130x80 sq. meter surpasses the last one.

Kalyan Mosque
Kalyan Mosque


Kalyan Mosque is traditionally rectangular and has four aivans. Entrance aivan has an external portal facing Poi-Kalyan Square and internal portal turned tu the yard. Arched galleries with 288 domes based on 208 columns surround the yard. An octahedral stand used as lectern is situated on the central axis at the internal portal. Mosaics and glazed bricks make colored decoration of facades.
Inner Yard in summer
Inner Yard in summer


One of the biggest prayer places
One of the biggest prayer places


After a small rain
After a small rain


Kalyan Mosque from inside
Kalyan Mosque from inside
Ancient Bukhara
Ark Fortress
Art gallery, sale exhibition of the Bukhara Gold Embroidery Factory
Baha Ad-Din Naqshband Necropolis
Bolo-Hauz Mosque
Bukhara city
Chashma-Ayub
Chor Bakr Complex
Chor Minor
Fayzabad and Zainuddin
Gijduvani Memorial Complex
Kalyan Minaret
Khanaka and Madrasah of Nadir Divan-Beghi
Kosh-Madrasah
Kukeldash Madrasah
Lyabi-Hauz Complex
Madrasah of Abdulaziz Khan
Magoki-Attari Mosque
Mausoleum of Sheikh Boharzi
Mausoleum of the Samanids
Miri-Arab Madrasah
Namazga Mosque
Sitorai-Mohi-Hosa
Trading Domes
Ulugbek Madrasah
Vabkent Minaret
Zindan (Prison)